Resistencia de Pinus pinaster Ait. al marchitamiento del pino causado por Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner & Burher), Nickle

Palabras clave: Susceptibilidad, heredabilidad, mejora genética, procedencias

Resumen

La enfermedad del marchitamiento del pino está causada por el nematodo Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, introducido en España en 2008. Este patógeno ha sido el causante de importantes pérdidas económicas y ecológicas en las masas de pino nativas de aquellos países en los que ha sido introducido. Por tanto, el principal objetivo de esta tesis es la determinación de material vegetal de P. pinaster con una baja susceptibilidad a B. xylophilus. Los distintos ensayos realizados muestran que las masas de P. sylvestris, P. pinaster y P. radiata en España podrían verse gravemente afectadas por la enfermedad del marchitamiento del pino, en los lugares donde el clima sea favorable para la enfermedad. Además, las procedencias de P. pinaster más susceptibles fueron la Nororeste-Litoral, de la zona costera de Galicia, y la procedencia portuguesa Leiria. Sin embargo se han obtenido valores de heredabilidad moderadamente altos para las familias del programa de mejora genética de P. pinaster de Galicia. Por tanto, la mejora genética de la resistencia de P. pinaster a B. xylophilus puede ser una de las mejores estrategias para luchar contra la enfermedad.

Citas

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Publicado
2018-12-30
Cómo citar
Menéndez Gutiérrez, M. (2018). Resistencia de Pinus pinaster Ait. al marchitamiento del pino causado por Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner & Burher), Nickle. Cuadernos De La Sociedad Española De Ciencias Forestales, 44(2), 133-146. https://doi.org/10.31167/csefv5i44.17559
Sección
Premios Universitarios de la SECF (Convocatoria 2017)